Hard Cover. New York: Random House, 1945. First Edition. Very Good / Dust Jacket Included.
First edition, first printing. Original navy blue boards with title labels to front board and spine; black dust jacket with image of author to front panel; about fine with very minor toning to spine label, light smudge to rear board, previous owner's inscription on front free endpaper; very good dust jacket with some toning to edges and spine, small nicks along edges and spine ends, and some wear along spine folds and jacket flap folds. Overall, an excellent and sturdy copy. Wars I Have Seen is Gertrude Stein's first-hand account of living in Nazi-occupied France during World War II. The memoir mixes the more personal and mundane aspects of her day-to-day life with the dramatic background of war. It is a follow-up to Stein's memoir Paris France, which was published in 1940 on the day that the Germans captured Paris. During the war, Stein, her life partner Alice B. Toklas, and her poodle Basket, lived in a country home in the Rhône-Alpes region of France. There is some controversy surrounding this period of her life, as her connections with Vichy government leaders may have afforded her special protection from the Nazis. Stein and her partner would have been particularly in danger, as they were Jewish and lesbian. Stein is best known for her avant-garde works, like Tender Buttons and The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas, the latter of which was ranked by Modern Library as one of the top 20 non-fiction books of the 20th century. She was one of the notable figures of the Lost Generation, a group of American writers who lived in Paris after WWI, and may have in fact coined the phrase "Lost Generation."