Hard Cover. London: John Murray, 1876. 1st Edition. Near Fine.
First edition, first printing. Publisher's green cloth, lettered in gilt, brown coated endpapers. About near fine, with a light scratch to the front board, some faint rubbing to the extremities, spine very lightly starting inside the front cover, otherwise very sturdy binding, small loss to the margin of page 263/264, a few faint spots to the first few leaves of text. From the botanical libraries of Swedish professors, Nils Svedelius and Nils Fries, with their bookplates and stamps to front pastedown and title page, and Svedelius' signature to first blank. Overall, a very bright and sturdy copy. Freeman 1249. The Effects of Cross and Self Fertilization in the Vegetable Kingdom is a presentation and analysis of Darwin's research on evolution in plants. Based on the theory of natural selection presented in his seminal 1859 text On the Origin of Species, Darwin believed that cross-pollinated plants would produce biologically superior offspring to those of self-pollinated plants. To test his hypothesis, Darwin conducted a breadth of studies using controlled fertilization, the results of which are presented in this volume. He ultimately concluded that cross-pollination yielded fitter offspring, thus making an important, decisive argument against the usefulness of inbreeding.